Athens, is the capital city of Greece with a registered metropolitan population of 3.7 million inhabitants, but nearly a 5 million population is estimated. It is in many ways the birthplace of Classical Greece, and therefore of Western civilization.
The city is bounded on three sides by Mt Ymettos, Mt Parnitha and Mt Pendeli, whilst inside Athens are twelve hills - the historical ones are: Acropolis, Areopagus, Hill of Philopappus, Observatory Hill, Pnyx, and Lycabettus. These hills provide a calm shelter from the crowded city streets, offering amazing views down to Saronic Gulf, Athens' boundary with the Aegean Sea on its southern side.
Places of interest to travelers can be found within a relatively small area surrounding the city center at Syntagma Square. The districts of the Plaka to the south, Monastiraki and Thissio to the west are places that can offer beautiful afternoon and evening walks, within the crowd of Athenians.
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